Penalties for Verstappen, Vandoorne, Hulkenberg, Hartley

Max Verstappen

No matter where he qualifies Max Verstappen will start towards the back of the United States Grand Prix grid after becoming the fourth driver to take a penalty for engine changes at Circuit of the Americas.

The Red Bull driver takes a mandatory a 15-place grid drop for the use of a sixth engine and MGU-H this season.

Verstappen is not alone in being demoted, as others set for a similar fate are: Renault’s Nico Hulkenberg (20 places), McLaren’s Stoffel Vandoorne (five places) and Toro Rosso debutant Brendon Hartley (25 places).

Verstappen has endured a season dogged with bad luck, but of late has had a break from misfortune and as a result has been on the podium in the last two races, having won in Malaysia and finishing second in Japan last time out.